What is Leucoderma?
Leucoderma is a skin disorder that involves loss of natural skin colour and the formation of colourless patches on the skin. The natural colour pigment of skin, melanin, is slowly destroyed. It starts with the formation of small white patches that slowly grow to become one large patch. If left untreated it may spread to the complete body. By the time the patient reaches the age of 30, all these skin patches become noticeable and visible.
Diagnosis of Leucoderma
Diagnosis of leucoderma is done after a thorough examination process and seeing if it is related to other skin problems like dermatitis and psoriasis. The leucoderma specialist may use a special lamp to radiate ultraviolet light into the skin to confirm if it is Leucoderma or not. The doctor will also check your personal and family history and ask for a skin biopsy. Apart from this, there can be blood tests to check for autoimmune conditions like anaemia or diabetes.
Causes of Leucoderma
There can be lots of causes for white patches on the skin. These range from hereditary reasons to auto-immune disorders like thyroid, diabetes, and anaemia. The most consistently recognised causes of Leucoderma are as follows:
- A genetic oxidative stress imbalance
- Chronic gastric problems or improper liver functions
- Worms/parasites in the digestive system
- Exposure to some chemicals
- Various types of burns, cuts, Psoriasis, and ulcers
- Congenital abnormalities including sclerosis, albinism, Piebaldism, etc.
Signs and Symptoms of Leucoderma
The majority of Leucoderma symptoms include white patches (de-pigmentation) on the skin and premature greying of scalp hair etc. The majority of these patches are formed around the areas exposed to sunlight like the face, lips, arms and hands. In addition to the formation of white patches, there are extra Leucoderma symptoms like:
- Development of grey eyelashes
- Premature grey hair
- Loss of the colour of the mucosal membranes
- Loss of the colour of the retina of the eyes
If you see symptoms like these, consult with the leucoderma specialist without any delays.
Leucoderma Ayurvedic Treatment
The major goal of leucoderma treatment in Ayurveda is to modify metabolism by improving the overall well-being of the human body. In most cases, the treatment shows effective results and the patient’s skin restores its natural colour. However, the results of Ayurvedic leucoderma treatment might vary from one person to another.
Ayurveda works on ancient and natural healing principles. First, it restores the normal state of the body through detoxification and purification. Most of the diseases are rectified during this stage. Then it works on the maintenance of Svastha (health) of the body and mind. This is the basic working method of Ayurveda which sheds much light on the objective of its therapies and medicines.
According to Ayurveda, Leucoderma is caused due by the aggravation of Pitta Dosha. Pitta dosha symbolizes heat or fire that manifests in the skin. Aggravated Pitta accumulates ama (toxins) in deep layers of the skin, leading to damaging results like Leucoderma.
Pitta is of five types; one of them is Bhrajak Pitta that provides colour to the skin. In an unbalanced state of Bhrajak Pitta, the skin starts losing its colour and white patches start developing on the surface. Along with Pitta Dosha, deeper body tissues like Rasa Dhatu (nutrient plasma), Rakta (blood), Mansa (muscles), and Lasika (lymph) are also involved in the leucoderma disease.
Leucoderma medicines in Ayurveda work on propitiating the imbalanced body energies, cleansing the blood and administrating the leucoderma cure that restores the natural skin colour. Ayurveda states that improper digestion is the root cause of this disease, as it causes the accumulation of toxins in the tissues. An essential part of leucoderma treatment, therefore, is restoring the digestion of the body. The patient will also be advised on the correct balanced diet and lifestyle adjustments to prevent the recurrence of the disorder.
Home Remedies for Leucoderma
Along with the leucoderma treatment in Ayurveda, You can also try the following leucoderma home remedies that can help you:
- Make a paste of Psoralea Corylifolia and coconut oil, apply over the affected area (white patches), and expose it to early sunrays (morning sunlight) for 15- 20 minutes.
- Take about 500 gm of turmeric and 8 litres of water; boil until it shrinks to a litre. Filter this solution and add approx. 500 ml mustard oil. Gently apply this concoction over your leucoderma patches at least twice a day
- Soak approx. 50 gm tamarind seeds in water for at least3-4 days, take them out dry out extra water and then crush them into a fine powder form. Make a paste by mixing this powder with some water and apply it to the patches till you notice them diminish or disappear.
- Mix turmeric powder well with mustard oil and apply externally on the patches.
Preventions for Leucoderma
- Increase the intake of natural and homemade food instead of junk food.
- Avoid excessive intake of hot and cold drinks.
- Intake of amla (gooseberry) daily can improve the condition of leucoderma.
- Boost the immunity system of the body by reducing stress.
- Protect your skin from the sun and artificial UV light.
Lifestyle Changes for Leucoderma
- Increase the consumption of bitter-tasting vegetables like drumsticks and bitter gourd.
- Stay away from difficult to digest foods and excessively sour, salty, curd, fish, jaggery and sesame seeds.
- Avoid consuming dissimilar edibles like pickles and milk, milk and curd, etc together.
- Have a sound and adequate sleep daily.
- If it doesn’t suit you, avoid exposing your body to extreme weather conditions.