Melasma Treatment in Ayurveda

Remove ugly Brown Patches on the face with Ayurvedic Treatment & Panchakarma Procedures

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Prakash Ayurveda is the best skin hospital for ayurvedic treatment of Melasma and other skin diseases. Get your skin disorder treated with Ayurveda.

What is Melasma?

Generally, melasma is an ordinary disorder of pigmentation which is caused to have appeared on the skin in white or brown patches but primarily seem on the face.

It is a common skin problem. Most people get it on their cheeks, bridge of their nose, forehead, chin, and above their upper lip. It also can appear on other parts of the body that get lots of suns, such as the forearms and neck.

Women are far more likely than men to get melasma. It is common during pregnancy. Hormones seem to trigger melasma skin disease. Most of the people, suffering from melasma are to be found a history of exposure in the sun on daily or intermittent basic. By the way, heat is also not counted a major factor of melasma and suspected to be underlying

Types of Melasma

There are diagnosed four types of pigmentation factors in melasma like Mixed, Dermal, Epidermal, and a un-named type which is found in the people having a dark complexion.

  1. The epidermal melasma is defined by the excess of melasma which is present in the superficial layer of skin.
  2. Dermal melasma is identified by the melanophages which is found throughout the dermis.
  3. The mixed type includes both the epidermal and dermal type.
  4. In the fourth type, excess melanocytes are present in the skin of dark-skinned individuals.   

Diagnosis of Melasma

Melasma is easily diagnosed by recognizing the typical appearance of brown skin patches on the face. It is a skin disorder that often diagnosed by visually examining the skin. A word’s light or black light(340-400nm) help to assist in diagnosing melasma, although it is not necessary for diagnosis. In most cases, the diagnosis of mixed melasma is also done which refers to the discoloration of the skin because of the pigment in the dermis and epidermal. Hardly, It is required of a skin biopsy to help excluding other reasons for this local skin hyperpigmentation.
Causes of Melasma

These are no certain causes to be found of melasma. It likely occurs when the color-making cells in the skin called melanocytes produce an excessive amount of color. People with dark skin color are more prone to melasma because they have more active melanocytes than people with light skin.

Common melasma causes include:

  1. Sun exposure: Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun stimulates the melanocytes. In fact, just a small amount of sun exposure can make melasma occur. Sun exposure is the reason why melasma often is worse in summer. It also is the main reason why many people with melasma get it again and again.
  2. Hormonal Changes: Pregnant women often get melasma. When melasma appears in pregnant women, it is called chloasma, or the mask of pregnancy. Birth control pills and hormone replacement medicine also can trigger melasma.
  3. Skincare products: If a product irritates your skin, melasma can worsen.

Signs and Symptoms of Melasma

Common signs and symptoms of melasma are brown or gray-brown patches on the face. These patches most commonly appear on:

  1. Cheeks
  2. Forehead
  3. Bridge of the nose
  4. Above the upper lip
  5. Chin

Melasma does not cause any symptoms as such. But many people dislike the way melasma makes their skin look. If you dislike these patches, sun protection and melasma treatment can help.

Melasma Ayurvedic Treatment

According to ayurveda, Melasma is the triggered by sun exposure. It is typically a pitta imbalance disorder. Ayurveda correlates melasma as vyanga. This word is derived by its root words Vi + Anga. Vi refers to Vikirti and anga refers to a normal body part. This is the disease which manifests over the face due to the vitiation of pitta and vata disease resulting in painless dark brown pigmentation.

The ayurveda provides better therapies for this disorder. This melasma treatment ayurveda has a beneficial effect on the body as compared to the conventional treatments. The melasma treatment includes therapies such as:

  1. Nidana Parivarjana – This melasma treatment ayurveda includes the removal of disease by eradicating the causative factors of the disorder.
  2. Siravyadha – This melasma treatment ayurveda is also known as venesection. It is a form of blood letting treatment. Apart from other treatments, this treatment is fulfilled by letting vitiated blood out of the body. This is one of the melasma best treatment.
  3. Pralepa – This melasma treatment ayurveda is also known as the external application. This melasma treatment in india includes the application of ointments, creams etc.
  4. Nasyakarma – (Nasal drops) – This melasma treatment ayurveda is for disorders affecting the neck region. It helps to let out the toxins through neck/oral region.
  5. Rakta shodha – This melasma treatment includes the oral medication to treat and purify the blood.

Home Remedies for Melasma

People might consider treating melasma at home, though. Here are some common home remedies:

  1. Aloe vera - Apply aleovera gel over the affected area. Aloevera is found with a substance called mucilaginous polysaccharide (MPS), which softens and lightens brown spots and other discolorations.
  2. Turmeric – Apply turmeric paste to the affected areas every day. Curcumin is the active ingredient of the turmeric spice, which has antioxidant and skin-lightening properties. Mix five-to-six tablespoons of turmeric powder to 10 tablespoons of milk. Add one tablespoon of gram flour to thicken the mixture so it’ll be easier to apply to the skin.
  3. Lemon juice – Apply lemon juice on the affected skin every day. Lemons contain citric acid, which can naturally lighten hair and skin. Wash your hands and squeeze a fresh lemon on the affected areas; gently rub and leave on for 20 minutes.
  4. Tulsi leaves – Extract juice from fresh tulsi leaves and mix camphor powder in it. Apply this thick juice on the affected area and wash it after it dries.

Preventions for Melasma

Various common-sense tactics can be used to help avoid melasma from developing in the first place. These include:

  1. Daily sunscreen use - Since sunlight is one of the biggest triggers for melasma, daily sunscreen use is non-negotiable to keep it at bay. Choose a sunscreen with broad-spectrum protection with an SPF of 30 or higher.
  2. Outdoor hats - Broad-brimmed hats help keep rays off vulnerable parts of the face. Use of daily sun scream- As sunlight is to be considered the greatest trigger of melasma. So, the use of daily sun screams is the best non-negotiable option to keep it away.
  3. Gentle skin care - Since products that irritate the skin exacerbate melasma, use gentle products that don't sting or burn.

Lifestyle Changes for Melasma

Certain lifestyle changes are to be adopted to avoid the severity of the disease. Various foods can be avoided such as Tamarind, spicy and masala food, garlic, brinjal, green chilies, curd or yogurt, buffalo milk (should use only cow milk), liquor, sugarcane, eggs, fish, chicken, etc. Also, avoid exercise in heat and birth control pills.